Australia

People

Australia is a land of immigrants. All but 300,000 Australians descended from immigrants who began arriving with the settlement of British convicts in 1788. Native Australians are called aborigines. Australia is a progressive western society with almost uniform literacy. As of 2016, Australia's est. population was24.21 million. Out of the population, 92 % are Caucasian, 7% are Asian, with only 1% aborigines and other ethnicities.

 

 

1990 2000 2010 2016
Population, total (millions) 17.07 19.15 22.03 24.21
Population growth (annual %) 1.5 1.2 1.6 1.5
Income share held by lowest 20% 7.3 7.4 7.3 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 77 79 82 83
Fertility rate, total (births per woman) 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) 21 18 16 13
Contraceptive prevalence, any methods (% of women ages 15-49) .. 71 62 67
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 100 99 99 99
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) 9 6 5 4
Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5) .. .. 0.2 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) 86 91 94 95
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) 105.9 100.4 105.9 101.3
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) 134 152 .. 154
School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) 1 1 .. 1
Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Environment
Forest area (sq. km) (thousands) 1,285.40 1,288.40 1,232.10 1,247.50
Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area) 6.6 8.7 .. 28.6
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. 4.4 3.1 3.1
Urban population growth (annual %) 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.6
Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita) 5,062 5,644 5,793 5,476
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 15.45 17.2 17.74 15.37