Most Omanis are Arabs, although numerous citizens of non-Arab of African origin. Oman's foreign community includes: Egyptians, Pakistanis, Indians, and others.

Muslim 85.9%, Christian 6.4%, Hindu 5.7%, other and unaffiliated 2% (2020 est.)

The vast majority of the population is located in and around the Al Hagar Mountains in the north of the country; another smaller cluster is found around the city of Salalah in the far south; most of the country remains sparsely poplulated