Grenada was under the control of the Carib Indians in the 1600s. Then the British and French struggled to establish control over the island until 1783 when the British won. Gaining independence in 1974, the government was displaced in a coup headed by the leftist New Jewel Movement in 1979. Another coup in 1983 ended with the assassination of New Jewel Movement leader Maurice Bishop. The United States invaded and power was restored to the hands of the governor-general. In the early 1990s, a coalition government was in place until 1995 when the New National party, headed by Keith Mitchell, gained a majority in Parliament. Mitchell became prime minister. In 1999 elections, the party won all 18 seats in Parliament.