|French and British colonial interests collided on this region around the Gambia river in Africa. The Portuguese arrived first in 1455, but British traders obtained from them exclusive rights to the river in 1588. The French and British tussled for two centuries to control the area but in 1783, the French conceded. It became a British crown colony in 1889 and a constitutional monarchy within the British Commonwealth in 1965. Five years later, The Gambia became a republic, under Sir Dawda K. Iawara. His rule lasted until 1994, when he was ousted in a coup led by Yahya Jammeh. The US, the UK and the European Union all cut off further aid until such time as democracy would be restored.