Study Guide Starting with B


Battle of Brandywine (1777))
Battle of Bunker Hill (Massachusetts, 1775)
Battle of Cowpens (South Carolina, 1781)
Battle of Monmouth (New Jersey, 1778)
Battle of Princeton (New Jersey, 1776)
Battle of Saratoga (New York, 1777)
Battle of Trenton (New Jersey, 1776)
Battle of Yorktown (Virginia, 1781)
Battles of Lexington and Concord (Massachusetts, 1775)

Boston Massacre (1770) - Tensions in Boston over British colonial policies, especially the Townshend Acts (1767), came to a head on March 5, 1770, when Bostonians insulted British soldiers and threw snowballs at them. It is not clear who fired the first shot, but confusion erupted, the soldiers began shooting into the crowd, five townspeople were killed, including Crispus Attucks (1723-70), and six others were wounded. Through exaggerated pictures, poems, and speeches, patriot leaders such as Paul Revere (1735-1818) and Samuel Adams (1722-1803) turned the relatively minor incident into a choice piece of propaganda, of "massacre" proportions.

Boston Tea Party (1773) - On December 16, 1773, a number of Bostonian patriots dressed as Mohawks boarded three British ships and dumped 342 chests of tea, worth about $75,000, into Boston Harbor. This was to protest the British Tea Act (1773).

British East India Company - Founded in 1600, this chartered company was granted a monopoly by the King of England. The British East India Company was supposed to be the exclusive tea dealer to the thirteen colonies, but the American boycott of British tea following the Townshend Acts (1767), placed the company in severe financial distress. The British Parliament passed the Tea Act (1773) largely to alleviate the company's financial problems by lowering the cost of British tea to the colonies.