Liberia

People

95% of the people of Liberia are from indigenous African tribes (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, and Bella), 2.5% of the populaiton is made up of Americo-Liberians (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves) Languages: English 20% (official), about 20 tribal languages, of which a few can be written and are used in correspondence.

 

1990 2000 2010 2016
World view
Population, total (millions) 2.1 2.88 3.95 4.61
Population growth (annual %) -1.6 5.3 3.5 2.5
Surface area (sq. km) (thousands) 111.4 111.4 111.4 111.4
Population density (people per sq. km of land area) 21.8 29.9 41 47.9
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population) .. .. 63.8 54.1
Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) .. .. 68.6 38.6
GNI, Atlas method (current US$) (billions) 0.61 0.45 0.99 1.72
GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$) 290 150 250 370
GNI, PPP (current international $) (billions) .. 1.55 2.33 3.25
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) .. 540 590 700
People
Income share held by lowest 20% .. .. 6.5 7.7
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 47 52 60 63
Fertility rate, total (births per woman) 6.5 5.9 5 4.6
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) 170 149 137 129
Contraceptive prevalence, any methods (% of women ages 15-49) .. 10 20 31
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. 51 61 61
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) 258 184 89 67
Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5) .. 22.8 14.9 15.3
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 63 65 80
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) .. .. 65 59
School enrollment, primary (% gross) .. 113 102.6 94.1
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) .. 35 45 37
School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) .. 1 1 1
Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49) 2.7 4.2 1.9 1.6
Environment
Forest area (sq. km) (thousands) 49.3 46.3 43.3 41.8
Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area) 0.5 0.5 .. 0.8
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) 0.1 0.1 .. ..
Urban population growth (annual %) 3.2 6.1 4.3 3.3
Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita) .. .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 0.23 0.15 0.2 0.21
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. .. ..