The Hutu were the original settlers of Burundi. A few hundred years ago the Tutsi's arrived in the area and gained control over the Hutu in a semi feudal arrangement. European exploration of Burundi began in 1858. In 1899 Burundi was incorporated into German East Africa. Following World War I the League of Nations award the Burundi territory to Belgium. In 1962 Burundi achieved independence. Its government was initially a constitutional monarchy, but a military coup soon brought the military to power.
In 1972 a Hutu rebellion left 10, Tutsi dead, a year later the Tutsi responded by slaughtering 150,000 Hutu. In the years, since Burundi has had one unstable government after another. Violence between Hutu and Tutsi has continued on and off throughout these years.