1848 Election Results Polk VS Clay
As a result of the Mexican American War, the United States gained considerable additional territory. The question of whether to make the new area free or slave became the single most significant political issue. This issue framed the election of 1848.
As a war hero, Zachary Taylor was a clear favorite at the Whig convention in June 1848. He received the needed two-thirds of the votes on the fourth ballot. The Democrats nominated Lewis Cass as their presidential candidate.
Taylor said very little on the question of whether slavery should be extended or not. Taylor did, however, own 200 slaves. His views were inferred from his actions. Cass, on the other hand, supported the belief that each territory should decide for itself whether to allow slavery. Van Buren ran as a third-party candidate on the Free Soil ticket, in total opposition to the expansion of slavery.
This presidential campaign was characteristic of the campaigns of the times, with each side slinging mud at the other. Taylor was attacked as a military autocrat, and the Democrats went on to call Taylor "semi-literate." The Whigs responded by calling Cass a "vagabond of evil."
Van Buren decided the election. Although the ex-President did not win any states, 10% of the vote that he did receive was enough to ensure Taylor's victory.
State results in 1848
Popular Results in 1848
|Alabama||Zachary Taylor||30,482||49.4||Lewis Cass||31,173||50.6|
|Arkansas||Zachary Taylor||7,587||44.9||Lewis Cass||9,301||55.1|
|Connecticut||Zachary Taylor||30,318||48.6||Lewis Cass||27,051||43.4|
|Delaware||Zachary Taylor||6,440||51.8||Lewis Cass||5,910||47.5|
|Florida||Zachary Taylor||4,120||57.2||Lewis Cass||3,083||42.8|
|Georgia||Zachary Taylor||47,532||51.5||Lewis Cass||44,785||48.5|
|Illinois||Zachary Taylor||52,853||42.4||Lewis Cass||55,952||44.9|
|Indiana||Zachary Taylor||69,668||45.7||Lewis Cass||74,695||49.0|
|Iowa||Zachary Taylor||9,930||44.6||Lewis Cass||11,238||50.5|
|Maine||Zachary Taylor||35,273||40.3||Lewis Cass||40,195||45.9|
|Maryland||Zachary Taylor||37,702||52.1||Lewis Cass||34,528||47.7|
|Massachusetts||Zachary Taylor||61,072||45.3||Lewis Cass||35,281||26.2|
|Michigan||Zachary Taylor||23,947||36.8||Lewis Cass||30,742||47.2|
|Missouri||Zachary Taylor||32,671||44.9||Lewis Cass||40,077||55.1|
|New Hampshire||Zachary Taylor||14,781||29.5||Lewis Cass||27,763||55.4|
|New Jersey||Zachary Taylor||40,015||51.5||Lewis Cass||36,901||47.5|
|New York||Zachary Taylor||218,583||47.9||Lewis Cass||114,319||25.1|
|North Carolina||Zachary Taylor||44,054||55.2||Lewis Cass||35,772||44.8|
|Ohio||Zachary Taylor||138,656||42.1||Lewis Cass||154,782||47.0|
|Pennsylvania||Zachary Taylor||185,730||50.3||Lewis Cass||172,186||46.7|
|Rhode Island||Zachary Taylor||6,705||60.7||Lewis Cass||3,613||32.7|
|Tennessee||Zachary Taylor||64,321||52.5||Lewis Cass||58,142||47.5|
|Texas||Zachary Taylor||5,281||31.1||Lewis Cass||11,644||68.5|
|Vermont||Zachary Taylor||23,117||48.3||Lewis Cass||10,943||22.8|
|Virginia||Zachary Taylor||45,265||49.2||Lewis Cass||46,739||50.8|
|Wisconsin||Zachary Taylor||13,747||35.1||Lewis Cass||15,001||38.3|