Women had equal legal rights as men in ancient Egypt. Their property and inheritance were theirs to keep. When it came to working however, woman mostly stayed at home. They could function as priestess's and as even become Phaorah.
The most famous being Hatshepsut.
Monogamy was the order of the day, but a man could take a second wife if his first wife was infertile. Pharoahs could have harems.