After New Netherlands had been captured by the English and became an English colony, King Charles II decided to give the land between the Hudson and Delaware Rivers to two friends: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton.
Philip Carteret was appointed as the first governor of the colony. In order to promote settlement of the colony, the proprietors published a document called "Concessions and Agreement", which guaranteed religious freedom in the colony.
The economic development of the colony was slow, and for a period, it was divided into east and west Jersey, as Lord Berkeley sold his stake in the colony. The colony was reunited when it became a royal colony.