Study Guide Starting with O and P
|.Olive Branch Petition (1775) - The Second Continental Congress issued an Olive Branch Petition to the King George III of England (1738-1820) as a last-ditch effort to reconcile with Britain. In November of 1775, the Congress learned that the petition had been ignored, and that Britain was assembling an army to crush the American rebellion.
Parliament - This is the legislative body of the British government, which meets in London. Parliament has two houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The Prime Minister, head of the British government, is chosen by Parliament. In the eighteenth century, the two major parties in Parliament were the Whigs and Tories.
Patriots - This is the term for Americans who favored independence from Britain, also called Whigs.
Paul Revere's Ride (1775) - On the night of April 18, 1775, Joseph Warren (1741-1775) of the Committee of Safety sent patriots Paul Revere (1735-1818) and William Dawes on an important errand. They were to ride to Lexington to warn colonists that the British were heading toward Lexington and Concord to confiscate military supplies. In 1863, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882) described that night in a poem called "Paul Revere's Ride," although the event did not occur exactly the way it is depicted in the poem.. For example, Revere was not alone in his ride: in addition to William Dawes, Samuel Prescott joined the ride. Revere and Dawes did not make it all the way to Concord. After they warned the patriots at Lexington, they were captured by a British patrol, although Prescott reached Concord safely. Paul Revere's Ride is also called the Midnight Ride.
Pontiac's Rebellion (1763-1765) - Pontiac (1720-1769) was an Ottawa war leader credited with leading western tribes of American Indians against the British in North America. His attempts to stop the expansion of the British, called Pontiac's Rebellion, were part of a larger struggle by Native Americans to win autonomy. After the defeat of Pontiac, the British issued the Proclamation of 1763.