Establishment of International Military Tribunal
AGREEMENT BY THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE PROVISIONAL
GOVERNMENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC, THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF
GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNION OF SOVIET
SOCIALIST REPUBLICS FOR THE PROSECUTION AND PUNISHMENT OF THE MAJOR WAR
CRIMINALS OF THE EUROPEAN AXIS
WHEREAS the United Nations have from time to time made declarations of their intention that war criminals
shall be brought to justice;
AND WHEREAS the Moscow Declaration of the 30th October 1943 on German atrocities in occupied Europe
stated that those German officers and men and members of the Nazi party who have been responsible for or have
taken a consenting part in atrocities and crimes will be sent back to the countries in which their abominable deeds
were done in order that they may be judged and punished according to the laws of these liberated countries and
of the free governments that will be created therein;
And whereas this declaration was stated to be without prejudice to the case of major criminals whose offenses
have no particular geographical location and who will be punished by the joint decision of the Governments of
NOW THEREFORE the Government of the United States of America, the Provisional Government of the
French Republic, the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the
Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (hereinafter called "the signatories") acting in the
interests of all the United Nations and by their representatives duly authorized thereto have concluded this
Article 1. There shall be established after consultation with the Control Council for Germany an International
Military Tribunal for the trial of war criminals whose offenses have no particular geographical location whether
they be accused individually or in their capacity as members of organizations or groups or in both capacities.
Article 2. The constitution, jurisdiction and functions of the International Military Tribunal shall be those set out
in the Charter
annexed to this agreement, which Charter shall form an integral part of this agreement.
Article 3. Each of the signatories shall take the necessary steps to make available for the investigation of the
charges and trial the major war criminals detained by them who are to be tried by the International Military
Tribunal. The signatories shall also use their best endeavors to make available for investigation of the charges
against and the trial before the International Military Tribunal such of the major war criminals as are not in the
territories of any of the signatories.
Article 4. Nothing in this agreement shall prejudice the provisions established by the Moscow Declaration
concerning the return of war criminals to the countries where they committed their crimes.
Article 5. Any Government of the United Nations may adhere to this agreement by notice given through the
diplomatic channel to the Government of the United Kingdom, who shall inform the other signatory and
adhering Governments of each such adherence.
Article 6. Nothing in this agreement shall prejudice the jurisdiction or the powers of any national or occupation
court established or to be established in any Allied territory or in Germany for the trial of war criminals.
Article 7. This agreement shall come into force on the day of signature and shall remain in force for the period of
one year and shall continue thereafter, subject to the right of any signatory to give, through the diplomatic
channel, one month's notice of intention to terminate it. Such termination shall not prejudice any proceedings
already taken or any findings already made in pursuance of this agreement.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned have signed the present agreement.
DONE in quadruplicate in London this eighth day of August 1946 each in English, French and Russian, and
each text to have equal authenticity.
For the Government of the United States of America
ROBERT H. JACKSON
For the Provisional Government of the French Republic
For the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland
For the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
I. T. NIKITCHENKO
A. N. TRAININ