Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby was born on April 23, 1861, in Brackenhurst UK. He was first educated at Haileybury College but then went to Sandhurst, Britain's stellar military academy. He served in the Boer War as a cavalry officer and entered World War I as a division commander and then as commander of the Third Army from 1915-1917. Allenby, however, is most famous for leading British forces in the Middle East. In December 1917, he captured Jerusalem and then went on to defeat the Ottomans at the Battle of Megiddo.