Paraguay Population
 

BACK TO THE FRONT PAGE
BASIC INFO.
ECONOMY
GEOGRAPHY
GOVERNMENT
HISTORY
HUMAN RIGHTS
LINKS
NEWS
PEOPLE
shadow 
 

PARAGUAY

Paraguay's population is distributed unevenly throughout the country. The vast majority of the people live in the eastern region, most within 160 kilometers (100 miles) of Asuncion, the capital and largest city. The Chaco, which accounts for about 60% of the territory, is home to less than 2% of the population. Ethnically, culturally, and socially, Paraguay has one of the most homogeneous populations in South America. About 95% of the people are of mixed Spanish and Guaran’ Indian descent. Little trace is left of the original Guaran’ culture except the language, which is understood by 90% of the population. About 75% of all Paraguayans speak Spanish. Guarani and Spanish are official languages. Germans, Japanese, Koreans, ethnic Chinese, Arabs, Brazilians, and Argentines are among those who have settled in Paraguay.

Population:

6,995,655 (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 102

Age structure:

0-14 years: 36.7% (male 1,304,115/female 1,260,560)
15-64 years: 58.1% (male 2,043,509/female 2,023,317)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 168,554/female 195,600) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 21.9 years
male: 21.6 years
female: 22.2 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

2.364% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 37

Birth rate:

28.17 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 53

Death rate:

4.46 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 202

Net migration rate:

-0.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 90

Urbanization:

urban population: 60% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 2.8% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 24.68 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 89
male: 28.77 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 20.38 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 75.77 years
country comparison to the world: 73
male: 73.19 years
female: 78.49 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

3.75 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 51

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

0.6% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 70

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

21,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 78

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

fewer than 1,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 79

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria (2009)

Nationality:

noun: Paraguayan(s)
adjective: Paraguayan

Ethnic groups:

mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%

Religions:

Roman Catholic 89.6%, Protestant 6.2%, other Christian 1.1%, other or unspecified 1.9%, none 1.1% (2002 census)

Languages:

Spanish (official), Guarani (official)

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94%
male: 94.9%
female: 93% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2005)

Education expenditures:

4% of GDP (2004)

country comparison to the world: 104


POPULATION GRAPH