Pakistan Population  

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PAKISTAN

The majority of Pakistan's population lives along the Indus River valley and along an arc formed by the cities of Faisalabad, Lahore, Rawalpindi/Islamabad, and Peshawar.

Although the official language of Pakistan is Urdu, it is spoken as a first language by only 9% of the population; 65% speak Punjabi, 11% Sindhi, and 24% speak other languages (Pushtu, Saraiki, Baloch, Brahui). Urdu, Punjabi, Pushtu, and Baloch are Indo-European languages; Brahui is believed to have Dravidian (pre-Indo-European) origins. English is widely used within the government, the officer ranks of the military, and in many institutions of higher learning.
POPULATION GRAPH
Population:
147,663,429 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 39.9% (male 30,321,217; female 28,581,334)
15-64 years: 56% (male 42,254,996; female 40,392,092)

Population:

176,242,949 (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 7

Age structure:

0-14 years: 37.2% (male 33,739,547/female 31,868,065)
15-64 years: 58.6% (male 52,849,607/female 50,378,198)
65 years and over: 4.2% (male 3,475,927/female 3,931,605) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 20.8 years
male: 20.6 years
female: 21 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

1.947% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 63

Birth rate:

27.62 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 57

Death rate:

7.68 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 119

Net migration rate:

-0.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 111

Urbanization:

urban population: 36% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 3% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 65.14 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 32
male: 65.24 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 65.05 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 64.49 years
country comparison to the world: 167
male: 63.4 years
female: 65.64 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

3.6 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 55

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

0.1% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 128

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

96,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 47

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

5,100 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 43

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Nationality:

noun: Pakistani(s)
adjective: Pakistani

Ethnic groups:

Punjabi 44.68%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.38%, Muhagirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%, other 6.28%

Religions:

Muslim 95% (Sunni 75%, Shia 20%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 5%

Languages:

Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski and other 8%

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 49.9%
male: 63%
female: 36% (2005 est.)