New Zealand Population  

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NEW ZEALAND

Most of the 3.7 million New Zealanders are of British origin. About 14% claim descent from the indigenous Maori population, which is of Polynesian origin. Nearly 75% of the people, including a large majority of Maori, live on the North Island. In addition, 167,000 Pacific Islanders also live in New Zealand.

During the late 1870s, natural increase permanently replaced immigration as the chief contributor to population growth and has accounted for more than 75% of population growth in the 20th century. Nearly 85% of New Zealand's population lives in urban areas, where the service and manufacturing industries are growing rapidly.
POPULATION GRAPH

Population:

28,563,377 (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 44

Age structure:

0-14 years: 36.6% (male 5,327,484/female 5,127,178)
15-64 years: 59.2% (male 8,094,494/female 8,812,675)
65 years and over: 4.2% (male 566,666/female 634,880) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 20.8 years
male: 19.8 years
female: 21.7 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

1.281% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 106

Birth rate:

23.18 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 78

Death rate:

6.97 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 133

Net migration rate:

-3.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 154

Urbanization:

urban population: 17% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 4.9% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 47.46 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 54
male: 47.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 47.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 65.46 years
country comparison to the world: 165
male: 64.3 years
female: 66.67 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

2.64 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 88

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

0.5% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 79

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

70,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 56

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

5,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 45

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever (2009)

Nationality:

noun: Nepalese (singular and plural)
adjective: Nepalese

Ethnic groups:

Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)

Religions:

Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)

note: only official Hindu state in the world

Languages:

Nepali 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census)

note: many in government and business also speak English (2001 est.)

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 48.6%
male: 62.7%
female: 34.9% (2001 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2003)

Education expenditures:

3.4% of GDP (2003)

country comparison to the world: 133