Mali Population

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MALI

Mali's population consists of diverse sub-Saharan ethnic groups, sharing similar historic, cultural, and religious traditions. Exceptions are the Tuaregs and Maurs, desert nomads, related to the North African Berbers. The Tuaregs traditionally have opposed the central government.
POPULATION GRAPH
Population:
369,031 (July 2007)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 42.9% (male 81,383; female 76,984)
15-64 years: 54% (male 101,699; female 97,518)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 5,619; female 5,828) (2007 est.)
Population growth rate:
2.732% (2007 est.)
Birth rate:
34.2 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death rate:
6.88 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.057 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.043 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.964 male(s)/female
total population: 1.046 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
53.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 64.76 years
female: 54.11 years (2007 est.)
male: 52.4 years
Total fertility rate:
4.78 children born/woman (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.7% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
140,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
9,900 (1999 est.)
Nationality:
noun: Malian(s)
adjective: Malian
Ethnic groups:
Mande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
Religions:
Muslim 90%, indigenous beliefs 9%, Christian 1%
Languages:
French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.3%
male: 96.2%
female: 96.4% (2000 census)