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JAPAN

Japan is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government. There is universal adult suffrage with a secret ballot for all elective offices. The executive branch is responsible to the Diet, and the judicial branch is independent. Sovereignty, previously embodied in the emperor, is vested in the Japanese people, and the emperor is defined as the symbol of the state. Japan's Government is a parliamentary democracy, with a House of Representatives and a House of Councillors. Executive power is vested in a cabinet composed of a prime minister and ministers of state, all of whom must be civilians. The prime minister must be a member of the Diet and is designated by his colleagues. The prime minister has the power to appoint and remove ministers, a majority of whom must be Diet members.
CURRENT GOVERNMENT
Emperor AKIHITO
Prime Min. Shinzo ABE
Chief Cabinet Sec. Yasuhisa SHIOZAKI
Min. of Agriculture, Forestry, & Fisheries Toshikatsu MATSUOKA
Min. of Defense Fumio KYUMA
Min. of Economy, Trade, & Industry Akira AMARI
Min. of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, & Technology Bunmei IBUKI
Min. of Environment Masatoshi WAKABAYASHI
Min. of Finance Koji OMI
Min. of Foreign Affairs Taro ASO
Min. of Health, Labor, & Welfare Hakuo YANAGISAWA
Min. of Internal Affairs & Communications Yoshihide SUGA
Min. of Justice Jinen NAGASE
Min. of Land, Infrastructure, & Transport Tetsuzo FUYUSHIBA
State Min. for Disaster Management Kensei MIZOTE
State Min. for Economic & Fiscal Policy Hiroko OTA
State Min. for Financial Services Yuji YAMAMOTO
State Min. for Okinawa & Northern Territories Affairs, Science & Technology Policy, Innovation, Gender Equality, Social Affairs, & Food Safety Sanae TAKAICHI
State Min. for Privatization of the Postal Services Yoshihide SUGA
State Min. for Regulatory Reform, Admin. Reform, Civil Service Reform, & Regional Revitalization Yoshimi WATANABE
Chmn., National Public Safety Commission Kensei MIZOTE
Governor, Bank of Japan Toshihiko FUKUI
Ambassador to the US Ryozo KATO
Permanent Representative to the UN, New York Kenzo OSHIMA