Ghana Population  

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GHANA

On the basis of language and culture, historical geographers and cultural anthropologists classify the indigenous people of Ghana into five major groups. These are the Akan, the Ewe, MoleDagbane , the Guan, and the Ga-Adangbe.
POPULATION GRAPH
Population:
20,244,154
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 40.4% (male 4,116,600; female 4,063,654)
15-64 years: 56.1% (male 5,625,397; female 5,723,786)
65 years and over: 3.5% (male 338,352; female 376,365) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
1.7% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
28.08 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
10.31 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
-0.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
55.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 57.06 years
female: 58.51 years (2002 est.)
male: 55.66 years
Total fertility rate:
3.69 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
3.6% (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
340,000 (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
33,000 (1999 est.)
Nationality:
noun: Ghanaian(s)
adjective: Ghanaian
Ethnic groups:
black African 98.5% (major tribes - Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%, Gurma 3%, Yoruba 1%), European and other 1.5% (1998)
Religions:
indigenous beliefs 21%, Muslim 16%, Christian 63%
Languages:
English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
male: 75.9%
female: 53.5% (1995 est.)
total population: 64.5%
People - note:
there are 9,500 Liberians, 2,000 Sierra Leoneans, and 1,000 Togolese refugees residing in Ghana (2002)