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FINLAND

Finland has a mixed presidential/parliamentary system with executive powers divided between the president, who has primary responsibility for national security and foreign affairs, and the prime minister, who has primary responsibility for all other areas.

Constitutional changes made in the late 1980s strengthened the prime minister -- who must enjoy the confidence of the parliament (Eduskunta) -- at the expense of the president. Finland's 1995 accession to the European Union has blurred the line between foreign and domestic policy; the respective roles of the president and prime minister are evolving, and plans are under consideration to rewrite the constitution to clarify these and other issues.
CURRENT GOVERNMENT
President Halonen, Tarja
Prime Minister Lipponen, Paavo
Min. of Agriculture & Forestry Hemila, Kalevi
Min. of Basic Services Soininvaara, Osmo
Min. of Culture Linden, Suvi
Min. of Defense Enestam, Jan Erik
Min. of Education Rask, Maija
Min. of Environment Hassi, Satu
Min. of Finance Niinisto, Sauli
Min. of Foreign Affairs Tuomioja, Erkki
Min. of Foreign Trade Sasi, Kimmo
Min. of Interior Hakamies, Kari
Min. of Justice Koskinen, Johannes
Min. of Labor Filatov, Tarja
Min. of Local & Regional Affairs Korhonen, Martti
Min. of Social Affairs & Health Perho, Maija
Min. of Trade & Industry Monkare, Sinikka
Min. of Transport & Communications Heinonen, Olli-Pekka
Governor, Bank of Finland Vanhala, Matti
Ambassador to the US Laajava, Jaakko
Permanent Representative to the UN, New York Rasi, Satu Marjatta