Cuba Population  

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CUBA

Cuba is a multiracial society with a population of mainly Spanish and African origins. The largest organized religion is the Roman CatholicChurch. Santeria, a blend of native African religions and Roman Catholicism, is the most widely practiced religion in Cuba. Officially, Cubahas been an atheist state for most of the Castro era. However, a constitutional amendment adopted on July 12, 1992 changed the nature of theCuban state from atheist to secular, enabling religious believers to belong to the Cuban Communist Party (PCC).
POPULATION GRAPH
Population:
11,224,321 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 20.6% (male 1,188,125; female 1,125,743)
15-64 years: 69.3% (male 3,902,162; female 3,880,531)
65 years and over: 10.1% (male 520,849; female 606,911) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
0.35% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
12.08 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
7.35 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
-1.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
7.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 76.6 years
female: 79.15 years (2002 est.)
male: 74.2 years
Total fertility rate:
1.6 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.03% (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
2,800 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
120 (1999 est.)
Nationality:
noun: Cuban(s)
adjective: Cuban
Ethnic groups:
mulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%
Religions:
nominally 85% Roman Catholic prior to CASTRO assuming power; Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews, and Santeria are also represented
Languages:
Spanish
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
male: 96.2%
female: 95.3% (1995 est.)
total population: 95.7%
People - note:
illicit migration is a continuing problem; Cubans attempt to depart the island and enter the US using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, direct flights, or falsified visas; some 3,000 Cubans took to the Straits of Florida in 2001; the US Coast Guard interdicted about 25% of these migrants; Cubans also use non-maritime routes to enter the US; some 2,400 Cubans arrived overland via the southwest border and direct flights to Miami in 2000