1836 Election Results Jackson vs Clay

President President Jackson decided not to run for re-election. He called on the Democrats to hold a convention of the people. The convention unanimously selected Martin Van Buren to be the Democratic Presidential nominee, since Van Buren was the hand picked successor chosen by President Jackson. The Whig party was not strong enough to hold a national convention. As a result, they were not able to nominate one national candidate. Instead, the Whigs nominated several regional candidates. With multiple candidates, the Whig party hoped to deny Van Buren a majority, and throw the election to House of Representatives

In the 1836 campaign the issue of slavery became important for the first time. Van Buren attempted to keep both the South and North happy. He claimed Congress had the right to outlaw slavery in the District of Columbia. Though, he personally opposed such a move. Van Buren's major opponent was William Henry Harrison. Harrison was a strong supporter of federal money for internal improvements. This gave Harrison strong support in the West. In addition, Harrison promised he would be willing to reopen the Bank of the United States– if economic conditions warranted it. Van Buren maintained Jackson's staunch opposition to the Bank. In the end, the superior organization of the Democrats determined the election in favor of Van Buren. With Democratic support, Van Buren was able to gain more than 50% of the vote.

Democratic Convention

 

State results in 1836

Popular Results in 1836

Van Buren Harrison White Webster Total Votes
Votes Pct Votes Pct Vote Pct Votes Pct
Alabama 20,638 55.3 0 16,658 44.7 0 37,296
Arkansas 2,380 64.1 0 1,334 35.9 0 3,714
Connecticut 19,294 50.6 18,799 49.4 0 0 38,093
Delaware 4,154 46.7 4,736 53.2 0 0 8,895
Georgia 22,778 48.2 0 24,481 51.8 0 47,259
Illinios 18,369 54.7 15,220 45.3 0 0 33,589
Indiana 33,084 44.5 41,339 55.5 0 0 74,423
Kentucky 33,229 47.4 36,861 52.6 0 0 70,090
Louisiana 3,842 51.7 0 3,583 48.3 0 7,425
Maine 22,825 58.9 14,803 38.2 0 0 38,740
Maryland 22,267 46.3 25,852 53.7 0 0 48,119
Massachusetts 33,486 44.8 0 0 42,201 55.1 74,732
Michigan 6,507 54 5,545 46 0 0 12,052
Mississippi 10,297 51.3 0 9,782 48.7 0 20,079
Missouri 10,995 60 0 7,337 40 0 18,332
New Hampshire 18,697 75 6,228 25 0 0 24,925
New  Jersey 25,592 49.5 26,137 50.5 0 0 51,729
New York 166,795 54.6 138,548 45.4 0 0 305,343
North Carolina 26,631 53.1 0 23,521 46.9 0 50,153
Ohio 97,122 47.9 105,809 52.1 0 0 202,931
Pennsylvania 91,466 51.2 87,235 48.8 0 0 178,701
Rhode Island 2,962 52.2 2,710 47.8 0 0 5,673
Tennessee 26,170 42.1 0 36,027 57.9 0 62,197
Vermont 14,040 40 20,994 59.8 0 0 35,099
Virginia 30,556 56.6 0 23,384 43.3 0 53,945