|Chiang Kai-Shek after leading military campaigns in which he had successfully taken control of much of China. Chiang had been in control of the government since the death of Sun Yat-Sen, and had worked together with the Communists. However, in 1927 Chiang set up a separate government and turned against the Communists. Chiang was able to suppress the Communists quickly. But this marked the start of the Chinese Civil War that ended 20 years later with opposite results.