|Afghanistan had remained neutral during World War I. There was, however, growing anti-British feeling in Afghanistan. This was fueled by the refusal of the British to recognize the complete independence of Afghanistan. Afghan ruler Amanullah Khan proclaimed a religious war against the British and called upon the Moslem subject of India to rise up. He led a small-scale invasion of India, but it soon petered out. The British and the Afghans entered into negotiations and, for the first time, Britain recognized the full independence of Afghanistan.