1795- Pinckney's Treaty

The United States signed the Convention of Paris with France. Under this treaty, France accepted US neutrality rights at sea. The French also discharged the US from its obligations established under the alliance formed by the two nations during the American Revolution. In return, the United States granted France "most favored trading status."

The weakness of the Spanish Empire resulted in its agreeing to the Treaty of San Lorenzo. This treaty later became known as "Pinckney's Treaty," named after the American Ambassador who handled its negotiation. Leading the negotiations for the Spanish was Don Manuel de Godoy. The Spanish, who were concerned about a possible British American Alliance, agreed to all of the American demands.

The Spanish recognized the 31st parallel as the Southern border of the United States.  Under the terms of the agreement the United States and Spain would jointly survey the border. As part of the agreement Spain ceded territory that later was organized as the Mississippi Territory. In addition, Spain granted the United States navigation rights to the Mississippi River. This included the right to use the port of New Orleans, opening the way to shipping products down the Mississippi River, from which goods could be sent by sea to the East Coast or Europe.