Bill of Rights Takes Effect

Signing the agreement
The Hartford Convention was held by delegates from different states who opposed the War of 1812. Some convention participants demanded secession from the Union. In the end, the convention just called for constitutional amendments limiting the power of the Presidency.

While the Constitution was being ratified, there were numerous calls for its amendment. Most of the proposed amendments were directed towards increasing individual rights. There were 80 proposed changes to the Constitution; of which Congress passed 12, concentrating on civil rights. Of the 12, 10 were ratified by the states. These ten amendments became known as "The Bill of Rights," including the right of trial of jury; protection against illegal searches and protection of free speech. The Tenth Amendment stated that those powers not delegated to the federal government and not prohibited to the states are delegated to the states and to the people. About the Bill or Rights