Marc Schulman


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Kristalnacht- The Night of the Broken Glass


In late October, Hitler ordered the expulsion of all Polish born Jews from Germany to Poland. There were about 20,000 Jews who soon found themselves stranded along the border. On November 8th, Herschel Grynszpan, (the son of one of the Polish Jew, who was living in Paris), shot Ernst Von Rath (the third Secretary of the German Embassy). Von Rath later died. Hitler used this assault as an excuse to attack the Jews of Germany and Austria. He ordered the SS, and other Nazi groups to attack Jewish targets throughout Germany. They burned down 76 synagogues, attacked Jews in the streets, and broke the glass of every Jewish business they could find. The reaction around the world was one of revulsion. There was suddenly a realization in America of the true nature of the Nazi regime.