Ernest Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899 in Oak Park Illinois. He attended River Forest High School were he developed an interest in journalism. Hemingway volunteered to be an ambulance driver for the Italians and was wounded by mortar fire. he spent six months in a hospital recovering.
Hemingway was acclaimed for his powerful storytelling and his larger-than-life exploits. From bullfighting to big-game hunting, Hemingway pursued many interests and incorporated his experiences into evocative and unusual stories. For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940), for example, was written after he witnessed the Spanish Civil War; while A Farewell to Arms (1929) reflects Hemingway's experiences in World War I.
He won both the Pulitzer Prize and the Nobel Prize for literature, but his successes could not overcome his personal demons, and Hemingway eventually committed suicide at his home in Idaho.
Heller helped develop the theory of revenue sharing, which asserted that state and local governments were more efficient at spending federal tax revenues than the federal government. He taught at the University of Minnesota, eventually achieving emeritas status.