Dictator of Haiti for nearly 15 years, François "Papa Doc" Duvalier was initially elected President in a popular election in 1957.
By 1964, he had become dictator of the small, impoverished country and declared himself President for life. Known for his private army, the Tonton Macoutes, Duvalier's long tenure was marked by terror and fear.
On his death, his son Jean Claude ("Baby Doc") came to power. Baby Doc was overthrown in 1986.