Livingston, Henry Brockholst

Livingston, Henry Brockholst (1757-1823) Associate Justice of the Supreme Court: Livingston was born in New York City on November 26, 1757, and graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton) in 1774. When the Revolutionary War began, he entered the patriot army with the rank of captain. General Philip Schuyler chose him as one of his aides, so that Livingston became attached to the northern department with the rank of major. Later, Livingston served as an aide to General Arthur St. Clair during the siege of Fort Ticonderoga, and was with Benedict Arnold at Burgoyne's surrender in 1777. After returning to Schuyler's service and achieving the rank of lieutenant-colonel, he became the private secretary of his brother-in-law, John Jay, and went with him to Spain. On the way back to America, he was captured by the British and put in prison in New York. After his release, he began studying law, and was admitted to the bar in 1783. After the evacuation of New York, Livingston established his practice there, dropping his first name from that point on. In 1788, he was appointed a trustee of the New York Society Library. He became an associate judge of the New York Supreme Court in 1802, and was made an Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court in 1807. In 1805, he was elected vice-president of the New York Historical Society, and was one of the first corporators of the New York City Public School system. Livingston remained in the Supreme Court until his death, on March 19, 1823, in Washington, D.C.