Campell, John was born near Washington, Georgia on June 24, 1811. He attended West Point, but withdraw after the death of his father. He read law and was admitted to the Georgia bar. Campbell moved Alabama, first to Montgomery and then to Mobile. In 1837 he was elected to the Alabama State Legislature. In 1853 President Pierce nominated Campbell to the Supreme Court. When the southern states seceded in 1861 Campell attempted to mediate. He resigned from the Court on April 30, 1861. During the Civil War Campbell served as Assistant Secretary of the Army for the Confederacy. After the war he was imprisoned for several months. When released he moved to New Orleans, where he established a law practice. Campbell died in 1889.