1853 Gadsen Purchase


Under the terms of this purchase, the United States obtained the southern parts of Arizona and New Mexico. The area totaled 45,535 square miles and was purchased at a cost of $10 million. The area was considered a suitable route for a railroad across the Southwest.


In May, the Erie Railroad finally reached Lake Erie, achieving the goals of its founders. The railroad was founded in 1829. Its goal was to build a railroad to the West from New York. When the railroad reached Lake Erie, it became the first rail connection between the East Coast and the Central part of the country. Less than 20 years later that connection was extended all the way to California.