Marc Schulman


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January 1944 Alllies Invade Anzio

British Troops in Anzio

In an attempt to achieve a breakthrough on the Italian front the Allies launched Operation Shingle. The hope was that the landing would allow the Allies to break through the German lines and capture Rome. General John Lucas led the landing. The landing on January 22, 1944 at Anzio achieved tactical surprise and quickly landed three divisions. Once landed however the troops were ordered to dig in and prepare for a counterattack instead of moving inland rapidly. As a result the Germans sent reinforces and soon surrounded the beachhead . For the next few months inclusive battles took place between the two side with the allied forces unable to break out of the beachhead and the German unable to breach their defenses. Finally, on May 23 the Allies broke out of the beachhead and began to head for Rome.