Marc Schulman


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June 1944 D-Day Invasion of Normandy


The Allies had planned for the invasion of France for almost two years. Transporting enough material, troops, and most importantly landing craft. The Allies had not set May as their goal to invade, but by June they were ready to go. The weather was terrible on both June 3rd and 4th. Though weather forecasters predicted it would get better on the 5th of June. The Germans were certain there could be no attack– so much so that they canceled their channel patrols and General Rommel went home to visit his wife. Eisenhower, however, believed his meteorologist and gave the go ahead for the invasion. 300 warships, 270 minesweepers, and over 1,000 troop transports set off for the coast of Normandy. At the same time the 101st airborne division began landing behind enemy lines, trying to seize key bridges and intersections.

The invasion began with a massive naval bombardment. The U.S. First Army began landing on the Omaha and Utah beaches, while the British Second Army landed on Gold Juno and Sword beaches. Americans soldiers had a hard time making it off the beachhead at Omaha beach. Eventually their very large numbers, and the close naval support they received from U.S. Destroyers turned the tide of battle. As a result, they managed to move inland. America lost about 2,500 soldiers on the beaches of Normandy, but the Allies were back in France to stay.