|Novelist and essayist Albert Camus is remembered for his existentialist works such as The Stranger, The Plague, and The Rebel. He was born in Algeria and moved to France prior to World War II. He was a member of the Resistance during the War. Although once close to Jean Paul Sartre, Camus broke off the relationship over the issue of Stalinist policies of the early 1950s. Camus received the Nobel Prize for literature in 1957. He died in a car accident in 1960.
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Parker, Emmett. Albert Camus, The Artist in the Arena. [Madison] : University of Wisconsin Press, 1965.