Harold Rupert Alexander was born on December 10, 1891 in London England. He weducated at Sandhurst, Britain's celebrated military academy. During World War I, he commanded a battalion on the Western front. In World War II, Alexander led the I Corps, and was the last man to leave the beach at Dunkirk. Alexander went on to command British forces in North Africa, leading them to complete victory. He commanded the invasions of both Sicily and Italy. After the capture of Rome in 1944, he became the Supreme Allied Commander of the Mediterranean.