Ul Haq Zia
| Pakistani strongman Zia Ul-Haq was a career army officer who had fought in World War II. He became Army Chief of Staff in 1976 and engineered the overthrow of Ali Bhutto's government in 1979.
He imposed martial law and imposed Islamic penal laws. In 1985, a referendum showed overwhelming support for his government. As a result, he loosened martial law and allowed opposition parties. In 1988, he was killed in a mysterious plane carsh.
Burki, Shahid Javed. Pakistan Under the Military : Eleven Years of Zia Ul-Haq . 1991. Westview Press.