William Shockley Ê

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William Shockley

1910- 1989

Physicist

Though trained as a physicist and renowned for developing the transistor, William Shockley became a controversial figure when he delved into the mysteries of intelligence and genetics.

In 1956, he had shared the Nobel Prize for physics. Years later, Shockley began to propose that Blacks were genetically inferior to Whites, assertions which angered both colleagues and the public.