Dearborn, Henry

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Dearborn, Henry

Dearborn, Henry (1751-1829) Secretary of War: Dearborn was born on February 23, 1751, in North Hampton, New Hampshire. He studied medicine, and set up a practice in 1772. One of his hobbies was studying the art of war and, the day after the Battle of Lexington, he lead sixty minutemen to Cambridge, Massachusetts. Thus began his distinguished military career in the Revolutionary War, including service in the Battles of Stillwater, Saratoga, Monmouth and Newton. With the rank of colonel, he served in the siege of Yorktown. In 1784, Dearborn moved to Monmouth, Maine, and was chosen brigadier general of militia in 1787, followed by major-general of militia in 17956 and US Marshall for Maine in 1789. He was elected to the US House of Representatives in 1793, serving two terms as a Democratic-Republican. President Jefferson appointed Dearborn Secretary of War in 1801, a position he retained until 1809. In 1809, President Madison gave him the collectorship of the port of Boston. Dearborn served in this capacity until he was appointed a senior major-general in the US Army in 1812. Assigned to the command of the Northern Department, he captured two points in Canada in 1813: York (now Toronto) and Fort George. Recalled because of charges of political intrigue, he was given command of New York City. He was not granted his request for a court of inquiry. After serving as Minister to Portugal from 1822 to 1824, he resigned and settled in Roxbury, Massachusetts. He authored a journal of his adventures, as well as an account of the Battle of Bunker Hill. Dearborn died in Roxbury, on June 6, 1829.