Ottoman Society

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Ottoman Society
The Ottoman Empire was divided into five classes of people: First there was the ruling class, all of whom were linked to the sultan. Under the ruling class were the merchant class that was largely free from government taxation and regulation. A separate class was the artisan class. The artisans were organized according to guilds. The largest group in the Ottoman Empire was the peasant class. They farmed leased land. The leased land was passed along from generation to generation. The final groups were the pastoral people. They were the tribes and clans who lived by their own rules under the leadership of their chiefs, who swore allegiance to the Ottoman sultan.