STATUTE OF THE PERMANENT COURT OF INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE
| (amended by the Protocol of Sept. 14, 1929.
An asterisk marks those articles amended or added.)
A Permanent Court of International Justice is hereby established, in
accordance with Article 14 of the Covenant of the League of Nations. This
Court shall be in addition to the Court of Arbitration organized by the
Conventions of The Hague of 1899 and 1907, and to the special Tribunals of
Arbitration to which States are always at liberty to submit their disputes
CHAPTER I. ORGANIZATION OF THE COURT
The Permanent Court of International Justice shall be composed of a body of
independent judges, elected regardless of their nationality from amongst
persons of high moral character, who possess the qualifications required in
their respective countries for appointment to the highest judicial offices,
or are jurisconsults of recognized competence in international law.
The Court shall consist of fifteen members.
The members of the Court shall be elected by the Assembly and by the
Council from a list of persons nominated by the national groups in the
Court of Arbitration, in accordance with the following provisions.
In the case of Members of the League of Nations not represented in the
Permanent Court of Arbitration, the lists of candidates shall be drawn up
by national groups appointed for this purpose by their governments under
the same conditions as those prescribed for members of the Permanent Court
of Arbitration by Article 44 of the Convention of The Hague of 1907 for the
pacific settlement of international disputes.
The conditions under which a State which has accepted the Statute of the
Court but is not a Member of the League of Nations, may participate in
electing the members of the Court shall, in the absence of a special
agreement, be laid down by the Assembly on the proposal of the Council.
At least three months before the date of the election, the
Secretary-General of the League of Nations shall address a written request
to the members of the Court of Arbitration belonging to the States
mentioned in the Annex to the Covenant or to the States which join the
League subsequently, and to the persons appointed under paragraph 2 of
Article 4, inviting them to undertake, within a given time, by national
groups, the nomination of persons in a position to accept the duties of a
member of the Court.
No group may nominate more than four persons, not more than two of whom
shall be of their own nationality. In no case must the number of candidates
nominated be more than double the number of seats to be filled.
Before making these nominations, each national group is recommended to
consult its Highest Court of Justice, its Legal Faculties and Schools of
Law, and its National Academies and national sections of International
Academies devoted to the study of Law.
The Secretary-General of the League of Nations shall prepare a list in
alphabetical order of all the persons thus nominated. Save as provided in
Article 12, paragraph 2, these shall be the only persons eligible for
The Secretary-General shall submit this list to the Assembly and to the
The Assembly and the Council shall proceed independently of one another to
elect the members of the Court.
At every election, the electors shall bear in mind that not only should all
the persons appointed as members of the Court possess the qualifications
required, but the whole body also should represent the main forms of
civilization and the principal legal systems of the world.
Those candidates who obtain an absolute majority of votes in the Assembly
and in the Council shall be considered as elected.
In the event of more than one national of the same Member of the League
being elected by the votes of both the Assembly and the Council, the eldest
of these only shall be considered as elected.