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UN Resolution 686

Adopted by the Security Council at its 2978th meeting on 2 March 1991

The Security Council,

Recalling and reaffirming its resolutions 660 (1990), 661 (1990), 662
(1990), 664 (1990), 665 (1990), 666 (1990), 667 (1990), 669 (1990), 670 (1990),
674 (1990), 677 (1990), and 678 (1990),


Recalling the obligations of Member States under Article 25 of the Charter,

Recalling paragraph 9 of resolution 661 (1990) regarding assistance to the
Government of Kuwait and paragraph 3 (c) of that resolution regarding supplies
strictly for medical purposes and, in humanitarian circumstances, foodstuffs,

Taking note of the letters of the Foreign Minister of Iraq confirming
Iraq's agreement to comply fully with all of the resolutions noted above
(S/22275), and stating its intention to release prisoners of war immediately
(S/22273),

Taking note of the suspension of offensive combat operations by the forces
of Kuwait and the Member States cooperating with Kuwait pursuant to resolution
678 (1990),

Bearing in mind the need to be assured of Iraq's peaceful intentions, and
the objective in resolution 678 (1990) of restoring international peace and
security in the region,

Underlining the importance of Iraq taking the necessary measures which
would permit a definitive end to the hostilities,

Affirming the commitment of all Member States to the independence,
sovereignty and territorial integrity of Iraq and Kuwait, and noting the
intention expressed by the Member States cooperating under paragraph 2 of
Security Council resolution 678 (1990) to bring their military presence in Iraq
to an end as soon as possible consistent with achieving the objectives of the
resolution,

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter,

1. Affirms that all twelve resolutions noted above continue to have full
force and effect;

2. Demands that Iraq implement its acceptance of all twelve resolutions
noted above and in particular that Iraq:

(a) Rescind immediately its actions purporting to annex Kuwait;

(b) Accept in principle its liability for any loss, damage, or injury
arising in regard to Kuwait and third States, and their nationals and
corporations, as a result of the invasion and illegal occupation of Kuwait by
Iraq;

(c) Under international law immediately release under the auspices of the
International Committee of the Red Cross, Red Cross Societies, or Red Crescent
Societies, all Kuwaiti and third country nationals detained by Iraq and return
the remains of any deceased Kuwaiti and third country nationals so detained; and

(d) Immediately begin to return all Kuwaiti property seized by Iraq, to
be completed in the shortest possible period;

3. Further demands that Iraq:

(a) Cease hostile or provocative actions by its forces against all Member
States including missile attacks and flights of combat aircraft;

(b) Designate military commanders to meet with counterparts from the
forces of Kuwait and the Member States cooperating with Kuwait pursuant to
resolution 678 (1990) to arrange for the military aspects of a cessation of
hostilities at the earliest possible time;

(c) Arrange for immediate access to and release of all prisoners of war
under the auspices of the International Committee of the Red Cross and return
the remains of any deceased personnel of the forces of Kuwait and the Member
States cooperating with Kuwait pursuant to resolution 678 (1990); and

(d) Provide all information and assistance in identifying Iraqi mines,
booby traps and other explosives as well as any chemical and biological weapons
and material in Kuwait, in areas of Iraq where forces of Member States
cooperating with Kuwait pursuant to resolution 678 (1990) are present
temporarily, and in adjacent waters;

4. Recognizes that during the period required for Iraq to comply with
paragraphs 2 and 3 above, the provisions of paragraph 2 of resolution 678 (1990)
remain valid;

5. Welcomes the decision of Kuwait and the Member States cooperating with
Kuwait pursuant to resolution 678 (1990) to provide access and to commence
immediately the release of Iraqi prisoners of war as required by the terms of
the Third Geneva Convention of 1949, under the auspices of the International
Committee of the Red Cross;

6. Requests all Member States, as well as the United Nations, the
specialized agencies and other international organizations in the United Nations
system, to take all appropriate action to cooperate with the Government and
people of Kuwait in the reconstruction of their country;

7. Decides that Iraq shall notify the Secretary-General and the Security
Council when it has taken the actions set out above;

8. Decides that in order to secure the rapid establishment of a
definitive end to the hostilities, the Security Council remains actively seized
of the matter.

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