Juan Peron < Ê

 

Juan Peron

1895- 1974

Argentinian Politician

Argentinian strongman Juan Peron joined the army in 1913. Some thirty years later, he was one of the leaders of an army coup. Peron held a number of important positions under the regime. His strong support for labor unions and social reform resulted in widespread support for him among the Argentine masses. When he was imprisoned by other members of the junta in 1945, this support, along with his wife's efforts, led to his release.

In 1946, he was elected President. He instituted massive social reform but was ruthless in suppressing all opposition. Peron's rule rapidly disintegrated into dictatorship.

In the early 1950's, economic difficulties in the country led to a growing opposition. The death in 1952 of his popular wife, Eva, as well as his subsequent excommunication by the Catholic church in such an overwhelmingly Catholic country as Argentina, led to Peron's ouster from office by military coup in 1955.

Five years later, he moved to Spain, where he controlled from afar opposition to the sitting Argentinian government. In 1971, he was allowed to return to Argentina, and in 1973, was once more elected President. Nine months later he died and was succeeded by his third wife, Isabel Martinez de Peron.

Bibliography:

Dechancie, John. Juan Peron . (World Leaders Past and Present). 1988. Chelsea House Pub.

Turner, Frederick C. Juan Peron and the Reshaping of Argentina . 1983. U Pittsburgh Press.

Alexander, Robert. Juan Domingo Peron .1979. Westview Press.

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