Turkmenistan History  

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TURKMENISTAN

This remote former republic of the now-vanished Soviet Union declared its independence in 1991. Its people are descendants of Mongol tribes, Turkic peoples, Persians, and Uzbeks. Because of its natural resources of oil and gas, the country is expected to make significant economic progress in the years to come. Under the Soviet Union, relatively little industrialization had been pursued and most of the population remains involved in agriculture.