Tajikistan Population    

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TAJIKISTAN

Population:

7,349,145 (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 96

Age structure:

0-14 years: 34.3% (male 1,282,681/female 1,238,607)
15-64 years: 62.1% (male 2,260,552/female 2,303,034)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 112,334/female 151,937) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 21.9 years
male: 21.5 years
female: 22.4 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

1.878% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 67

Birth rate:

26.9 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 60

Death rate:

6.83 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 138

Net migration rate:

-1.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 124

Urbanization:

urban population: 26% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 1.6% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 41.03 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 66
male: 45.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 35.91 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 65.33 years
country comparison to the world: 166
male: 62.29 years
female: 68.52 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

2.99 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 74

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

less than 0.3% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 87

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

10,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 103

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

fewer than 500 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 98

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria (2009)

Nationality:

noun: Tajikistani(s)
adjective: Tajikistani

Ethnic groups:

Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000 census)

Religions:

Sunni Muslim 85%, Shia Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)

Languages:

Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.5%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.2% (2000 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 10 years (2006)

Education expenditures:


The official state language, Tajik, is spoken by an estimated 62 percent; Russian, widely used in government and business, and is a second language for most of urban non-Russian population.

POPULATION GRAPH