Somalia Population  

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SOMALIA

Population:

9,832,017

country comparison to the world: 83
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2009 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 45% (male 2,215,331/female 2,204,503)
15-64 years: 52.6% (male 2,588,356/female 2,579,737)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 101,764/female 142,326) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 17.5 years
male: 17.4 years
female: 17.6 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

2.815% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 16

Birth rate:

43.7 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 5

Death rate:

15.55 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 15

Net migration rate:

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 79

Urbanization:

urban population: 37% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 4.2% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 109.19 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 6
male: 118.31 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 99.79 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 49.63 years
country comparison to the world: 211
male: 47.78 years
female: 51.53 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

6.52 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 4

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

0.5% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 76

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

24,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 75

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

1,600 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 66

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)

Nationality:

noun: Somali(s)
adjective: Somali

Ethnic groups:

Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)

Religions:

Sunni Muslim

Languages:

Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English

Literacy:


Somalis have a remarkably homogeneous culture and identity. As early as the seventh century A.D., indigenous Cushitic peoples began to mingle with Arab and Persian traders who had settled along the coast. Interaction over the centuries led to the emergence of a Somali culture bound by common traditions, a single language, and the Islamic faith.

Today, about 60% of all Somalis are nomadic or semi-nomadic pastoralists who raise cattle, camels, sheep, and goats. About 25% of the population are settled farmers who live mainly in the fertile agricultural zone between the Juba and Shebelle Rivers in southern Somalia.

POPULATION GRAPH