Solomon Islands Population  

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SOLOMON ISLANDS

Population:

595,613 (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 167

Age structure:

0-14 years: 39.5% (male 119,875/female 115,127)
15-64 years: 57.1% (male 171,792/female 168,023)
65 years and over: 3.5% (male 9,849/female 10,947) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 19.7 years
male: 19.5 years
female: 19.8 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

2.392% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 35

Birth rate:

27.69 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 56

Death rate:

3.77 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 210

Net migration rate:

NA (2009 est.)

Urbanization:

urban population: 18% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 4.1% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 19.03 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 107
male: 21.65 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.28 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 73.69 years
country comparison to the world: 100
male: 71.14 years
female: 76.37 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

3.52 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 57

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

NA

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

NA

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

NA

Nationality:

noun: Solomon Islander(s)
adjective: Solomon Islander

Ethnic groups:

Melanesian 94.5%, Polynesian 3%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 1.1%, unspecified 0.2% (1999 census)

Religions:

Church of Melanesia 32.8%, Roman Catholic 19%, South Seas Evangelical 17%, Seventh-Day Adventist 11.2%, United Church 10.3%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.4%, other Christian 4.4%, other 2.4%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.2% (1999 census)

Languages:

Melanesian pidgin in much of the country is lingua franca; English (official but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population); 120 indigenous languages

Literacy:

NA

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 8 years
male: 9 years
female: 8 years (2005)

Education expenditures:

3.3% of GDP (1999)

country comparison to the world: 135




The Solomon Islanders comprise diverse cultures, languages, and customs. Of its 427,000 persons, 93.3% are Melanesian, 4% Polynesian, and 1.5% Micronesian. In addition, small numbers of Europeans and Chinese are registered. About 70 vernaculars are spoken.

Most people reside in small, widely dispersed settlements along the coasts. Sixty percent live in localities with fewer than 200 persons, and only 11% reside in urban areas.

POPULATION GRAPH