Naval History/USS New Orleans


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USS New Orleans C-3

New Orleans
(C: dp. 3,769; 1. 354'5"; b. 43'9", dr. 18'; s. 20 k., cpl. 366 a. 6 6", 4 4.7", 10 6-pdrs., 8 1-pdrs., 2 .30 car., 3 18" tt., cl. New Orleans)

The first New Orleans, a protected cruiser, was laid down in 1895 as Amazonas for the Brazilian Navy by Armstrong, Mitchell and Co., Newcastle-on-Tyne, England; launched 4 December 1896, purchased by the U.S. Navy while building 16 March 1898: and commissioned 18 March 1898 at Gravesend, England, Lt. Comdr. Arthur P. Nazro in command.

New Orleans sailed 27 March 1898 to fit out at New York for service in the Spanish-American War. She left Norfolk 17 May and joined the Flying Squadron off Santiago de Cuba 30 May. Next afternoon, with Massachusetts and lowa, she reconnoitered the harbor, exchanging fire with Spanish ships and batteries. After joining in the bombardment of the batteries at the entrance to the harbor 6 and 16 June, New Orleans sailed to coal at Key West, and was thus absent during the Battle of Santiago 3 July.

Through the summer New Orleans cruised on blockade between San Juan, P.R., and Guantanomo Bay, Cuba, capturing French blockade runner Olinde Rodrigues 17 July. She arrived Philadelphia 20 October for the Peace Jubilee, then prepared at New York to launch her peacetime service with a visit to New Orleans 16-29 May 1899. After summer exercises off the Atlantic seaboard, she sailed from New York 21 October to join the Asiatic Fleet. She called at the Azores and Port Said, passed through the Suez Canal, and reached Manila 21 December. For the next 5 years, as flagship of the Cruiser Squadron, U.S. Asiatic Fleet, she cruised the Philippines and the China coast. Relieved by Baltimore, she departed Cavite 27 December 1904 for Mare Island, arriving 27 January 1905 to decommission 6 February 1905.

Recommissioning 15 November 1909, Ne~a Orleans returned to Asiatic duty at Yokohama 25 April 1910. She cruised the Orient until returning to Bremerton 14 February 1912 and going into reserve. Again in full commission 31 December 1913, New Orleans patrolled the west coast of Mexico during the tense spring of 1914, then trained the Washington State Naval Militia through the summer, returning to Mexican waters in the fall. Upon American entry into World War I she was overhauled at Puget Sound, and sailed for the Panama Canal and the East Coast, arriving Hampton Roads 27 August 1917.

New Orleans escorted convoys from New York City to ocean rendezvous with destroyer escorts off the British Isles and the French coast until 16 January 1918, when she cleared New York for the Asiatic Station. She reached Yokohama from Honolulu and Panama 13 March, cruised to China, and the Philippines, and from 17 July to 20 December 1919 was station ship at Vladivostok, Russia supporting the Allied force m Siberia.

After repairs at Cavite, New Orleans returned to Vladivostok to resume her service for the Allied Expeditionary Force 20 May to 27 September 1920. During further cruising with the Asiatic Fleet she was redesignated CL-22 on 8 August 1921, then completed her service at Vladivostok 14 February to 17 August 1922. She returned to Mare Island 23 September, decommissioned there 16 November 1922, and was struck from the Navy List 13 November 1929. She was sold for scrapping 11 February 1930.