Sudan Population  

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SUDAN

Population:

41,087,825 (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 29

Age structure:

0-14 years: 40.7% (male 8,535,551/female 8,173,616)
15-64 years: 56.8% (male 11,745,683/female 11,603,906)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 532,968/female 496,101) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 19.1 years
male: 18.9 years
female: 19.2 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

2.143% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 48

Birth rate:

33.74 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 42

Death rate:

12.94 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 28

Net migration rate:

0.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 61

Urbanization:

urban population: 43% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 4.3% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.07 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 82.43 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 14
male: 82.48 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 82.37 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 51.42 years
country comparison to the world: 208
male: 50.49 years
female: 52.4 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

4.48 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 38

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

1.4% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 45

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

320,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 22

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

25,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 19

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Nationality:

noun: Sudanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sudanese

Ethnic groups:

black 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%

Religions:

Sunni Muslim 70% (in north), Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum), indigenous beliefs 25%

Languages:

Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages

note: program of "Arabization" in process

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 61.1%
male: 71.8%
female: 50.5% (2003 est.)

Education expenditures:


The largest ethnic category comprises those considering themselves Arabs, but category internally split by regional and tribal loyalties and affiliation to various Muslim politico-religious groups. Major Muslim (but non-Arab) groups are Nubians in far north, nomadic Beja in northeast, and Fur in west. Southern non-Muslim groups include Dinka (more than 10 percent of total population and 40 percent in south), Nuer, and numerous smaller Nilotic and other ethnic groups.

POPULATION GRAPH