|Sudan in its early history was part of the Kingdom of Nubia. In 1820 it was conquered by Egypt underMohammed Ali. Sudan came under English-Egyptian control. In 1953 Sudan was given self-government and became fully independent in 1955.In 1969 General Gaafar Mohamed Nimeiri became Prime Minister, two years later he became the first elected President. He was ousted in 1985. Sudan has been engaged in a civil war for over 15 years between the North and the South.